Investigations of the National War Effort

U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Military Affairs 1946

In June 1946 the House Committee on Military Affairs, Chairman Congressman Andrew J. May, issued the report, Investigations of the National War Effort, for member’s use only. In addition to an overview of the history of the articles of war and a brief description of the system of courts martial, the report devotes the largest section of the report to a discussion of the defects of the military justice system as it existed and was implemented during the Second World War. Twelve specific defects are listed, with several cases cited in detail. The report concludes with sixteen recommendations, the first two and most important, pertaining to the functions of the Judge Advocate General’s Department and the creation of a tribunal to correct injustices.